The Production Of Rhythm And Blues Beats With Music Software

Rhythm and Blues, also pronounced as RnB or R&B, is a very popular music genre that combines jazz, blues and gospel influences. Many music producers try to make a living out of the production of R&B beats. The beat is a song without the lyrics. Producers offer the beats on download sites where artists can download them. This is a very lucrative business while a beat can be sold unlimited times as it is leased to the singer. This means that the artist is allowed to use the beat for promotion on music websites or a mix tape.
How to produce an R&B beat
Like a lot of other music genres an R&B beat consists of a chorus and a verse. The chorus is the active and louder part of the beat. The chorus is played more than once and the singer repeats the same lyrics in every chorus. In some cases an R&B beat starts with the chorus to get the attention of the listener. The verse sounds less hard and the lyrics are different from every other verse in that song. The musical arrangement of the verse contrasts the chorus melodically. An R&B beat could look like this.
Chorus – verse 1 – chorus – verse 2 – chorus – verse 3 – chorus – chorus.
Most R&B music makes use of the following instruments.
Chord Layers
– Organs
– Piano
– Synthesizer
– Guitar
Bass
– Bass guitar
– Double Bass
– Bass Synthesizer (this has a modern sound)
Drums/percussion
– Synthetic drums
– Kick with a sub harmonic bass
– Snare/Clap
– Hi Hat
– Cymbal/Crash
Adlibs (these are musical phrases in between the lyrics of the vocals)
– Synthesizer
– Harp
– Flutes
An R&B beat must have a solid and good sounding chord progression. A few modulations will give the listener also a nice feeling. Without this it would sound monotonous and cheap. A jazz inspired R&B chord progression with seven and nine chords could look like this.
iii9 – VI7 – ii9 – V7 – ii9 – V7 – Imaj9 – VII7
What software is recommended to produce R&B beats.
There is much software to produce R&B beats. Beginners use software like Fruity Loops. This software is very easy to use but there are some limitations. It is perfect for creating R&B music with samples and synthesizers but not very good for recording live audio like an acoustic guitar or vocals. Other software like Logic Pro, Cubase and Protools are more effective and they have better plugins. Plugins are little software programs which can be put on an audio track. They can help make the sound quality better. Think of plugins like a compressor, an equalizer and a reverb. Famous and very good sounding plugins are made by software publishers from Waves. An example is a plugin that simulates a hardware channel strip from SSL (Solid State Logic) with compression, gate and equalization.
Besides recording audio, most music production software can record MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface). MIDI is a way of communication with software instruments like synthesizers and samplers. MIDI has a lot advantages over real audio like quantizing, easy editing and flexible time signature and tempi. With these MIDI instruments there is no need for recording audio from instruments like i.e. a bass guitar or drums. Samplers use high quality samples and tend to sound like real instruments.
These are the basics of R&B beat production with music production software. Remember that there are no rules, just guidelines. Happy music making.

How To Delete Porn Permanently

If you are trying to delete porn from your computer then you are wasting your time! Porn files and history will always remain on your computer no matter how hard you try to get rid of them! The only possible way you can actually remove porn from your computer and delete all porn history is by using Windows Certified Porn Deleting Software Called Porn Terminator Here…

There is no way you can delete porn from your computer without using this software, and guess what… if you are trying to find free porn deleting software then you are setting yourself up for some nasty trouble! Free porn deleting software doesn’t work! All it is set up to do is be out there for fools to download to try and rub out traces of porn of their computer, while that free porn deleting software uploads some more garbage and viruses on your computer and makes you pay in the end to get rid of it all!
The worst part is having to take your computer to a tec to have it fixed where all your porn will be exposed and you will probably lose your job and your family over having illegal porn found on your computer!

Illegal porn being found on your computer can lend you in some serious hot water! As i mentioned you can lose your family over it, you can lose your job over it, and you can even find yourself in prison for having illegal porn on your computer! So i suggest that you hurry up and do something about this… You don’t want all this porn being found on your computer do you?

Try The Windows Certified Porn Deleting Software Called Porn Terminator Here…

I can guarantee you that i have exactly the software that will help you delete porn from your computer permanently RIGHT NOW and leave no traces of it what so ever! It is Windows certified and will work on any computer… It’s called porn terminator. This baby will delete all porn files and any history that can possibly be found on your computer! The reason for this software is simple, it;s the ONLY WAY you can actually delete porn permanently from your computer and it will never be found again! Don’t even think that formatting your hard drive will help, because it doesn’t… and getting new hard drive is way too expensive and you will lose all your other important data. So, the perfect solution is at your finger tips, all you have to do is Download Porn Terminator Here Now and watch it wipe out all porn files and history in front of your eyes. There will never be any porn traces found on your computer, ever!

***Caregivers: Release Negative Beliefs to Heal Self-Worth Issues

Feeling a lack of self-worth takes an incredible toll on our effectiveness in being family caregivers — as well as on our own health and well-being. When we feel a lack of self- worth or self-regard, we are out of rapport with our inner self.
Our lack of self-esteem results in a drastically reduced connection with our inner knowingness. We are unable to access our intuition (as Einstein called it) as to what is right for us to do. The negative perceptions we formed about ourselves as children — often the root cause of poor self-worth in adults and children alike — are held as beliefs in our subconscious. Unfortunately positive thinking or even visualization at the conscious level does not change those deeply rooted subconscious perceptions.
There are several techniques that have the power to release negative subconscious beliefs and create new, more positive and appropriate beliefs, and so to heal self-worth issues. I have used both The Emotional Freedom Technique or EFT (also called “tapping”) as well as Psychological Kinesiology. Let me share some highlights of these techniques as I have used them to lighten my caregiver load.
Some common negative perceptions people hold at the subconscious level show up as comments like, “I don’t matter. I am not good enough. What I say doesn’t mean anything.” Using EFT, a tapping technique that connects to meridians (energy flows) in the body, you tap a series of points on your body as you say aloud, “Even though, I feel I don’t matter, I love and accept myself.”
Using the EFT method of tapping, you are telling a deeper part of your body-mind that you accept your shortcomings with love. By accepting yourself just as you are, you release those misconceptions about yourself that you have held for a lifetime at the subconscious level.
There are several EFT guides to tapping that explain the process and show you how to do it. The best I have read is the one written by Benjamin Schwarcz, MFT, Tapping Into Joy: Meridian Tapping and Mindfulness, A Simple and Effective Method of Self-Help. For deep-seated issues, it is most effective to work with an EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique) Practitioner. At my Web Site www.authorBettyLSmith.com, you’ll find a direct link to the site where you can find more information about Tapping Into Joy and purchase it if you choose.
EFT and Psychological Kinesiology complement each other. Where EFT is about releasing negative perceptions held in the subconscious mind as beliefs, Psychological Kinesiology is a technique that helps the subconscious mind accept a new positive belief.
Psychological Kinesiology, or Psych-K, is a practical method for creating left-brain right-brain balance, according to the founder of Psych-K, Robert Williams. In his work, he discovered that the right and left brain needed to be in balance in order for the subconscious to accept a new belief.
(There is a more in-depth process, including muscle testing, to using this right and left brain balancing techniques to introduce a new belief. But that’s a level of complexity beyond the scope of this article.)
Let me share one of the balance-both-sides-of-your-brain exercises that I have found most valuable is creating an internal balance that opens the way to introduce new beliefs about loving yourself unconditionally.
Stand upright with your eyes straight ahead. Your head does not move in this exercise. Raise your left knee and tap it with your right hand. Move your eyes to look upwards and to the left. Release. Do the other side. Lift your right knee and tap it with your left hand. Simultaneously, move your eyes to look upwards and to the right. Repeat both sides twenty-five times. End by standing straight again and raise your arms straight out from your sides at shoulder height.
Allow your arms to move at their own pace into forming an embrace of yourself. As you do so, say to yourself one of the phrases below.
The following statements can be helpful antidotes to low self-esteem and feeling poorly about yourself. Balancing both sides of your brain before working with these statements can make them more effective replacing outdated and toxic beliefs.
1. I love myself unconditionally.
2. The love of Self sets me free.
3. The love of Self makes it safe to be who I am.
4. The love of Self heals me.
Good luck on your process of releasing negative feelings and healing your self-worth.

Customize your home page with pimp my search

There was a new site called pimp my search that came in the web market in 2006, it was made to make a search page like Google but replace the name of Google with any other word as according to the choice of the customers of this website. This web site was not affiliated with Google and was non commercial site. This website was established in 2006 but it became famous in 2008 as there was a buzz about this website on many other media websites as well as in videos on You Tube. But in 2009 this website was closed and taken off the web. It was known that this website had some controversies with Google, as in the month of February of 2009 it stopped providing search facilities of Google. When this website was opened by users after February of 2009, the users were disappointed to see a message that stated that Google is not allowing the web search through them because of some issues regarding trademark. At present if one opens this site they see a message that states that this site is permanently closed because of trademark issues. Hence pimp my search was closed down due to a dispute regarding trademark issues.
When it started becoming popular in 2008 people started talking about it as a match to the Google. People went straight to Google when they wanted to do a web search about anything but during the popularity of this web site people started thinking that the name of Google may not remain ever-present. This website allows its user to customize Google and users can replace the name of Google with their own names. This website will let you modify the skin over the search interface of Google. The users were also able to customize Google with any other phrase or word they wanted. All you needed to do was put your name or any phrase you wanted with the web link they provided and as easily as that you were able to customize Google.
With pimp my search the customers were able to select Google themes from a variety of choices like displaying abstract Google themes to celebrity Google themes and much more. You were even able to select themes related to your favorite TV shows or actors and actresses. The users can even create their own themes with their own pictures of pictures of families and friends. So whenever you opened your browser you can see your own customized theme and you can search the web in your own style. It was greatly appreciated by people as they can see their own personalized search page and have fun while surfing the internet. The themes provided were awesome and the logos were all personalized.

Non-Penny Auction Site featuring Furniture, Household, Electronics items

Online Auction Site for New, Used, and Consigned Furniture – Not a ridiculous penny site!

With today’s technology, finding deals is now easier than ever on the Internet. Finding everything from furniture to household items to electronics and even automobiles may be easy but obtaining the best deal may not be! The problem is sifting through the junk, knowing what site is reputable, and where you can keep coming back without getting loads of spam or bombarded with ads. Let’s face the fact that economy is not the best it has been in past years. Money is tight for everyone but you still want to improve the quality of life at home with some new furniture.

Online auctions are the best option for finding incredible deals on quality items. If you are in the Tucson or surrounding areas in Arizona, Super Bargains has recently launched their online auctions for new, used, and consigned furniture. Super Bargains has developed an easy to use auction website that is free and has the best deals on furniture you’ll find locally! Forget about driving from store to store in search of a coffee table, chair for your living room, bed frame, cabinetry, dresser, etc. Sign up at Super Bargains and start bidding today on all these items! The auction site has only recently launched so competition is limited which means you can score a great deal on some new furniture for your home. Our warehouse is full of many household items that we are liquidating on a weekly basis. We are consistently adding new items and will be branching out of just furniture into many different items for your home.
Aside from our auctions, we have amazing deals on new furniture! Super Bargains provides wholesale pricing to the public on all our inventory. Not only do we carry new furniture, but we also carry scratch and dent items for nearly 50% off retail. Additionally, we have custom built one-of-a-kind furniture from our sister store Furniture Creations located next door. Need some furniture designed from scratch? We can do that too!
Sign up today on our website (link listed in our information) to gain access to our online auctions. Once you sign up, you’ll receive an email to confirm your subscription. Then you’ll be able to login and start bidding. We do NOT give out your information to any third parties! Super Bargains will only notify you when our auctions are ending once a week as a convenience to you. We ship to the lower 48 states! Store deliveries made in the Tucson, South Tucson, Phoenix, Casa Grande, Sierra Vista, or surrounding areas in Arizona. Local delivery is subject to an extra charge but a limited delivery area (please contact Furniture Creations at 520-623-7177 if you would like to inquire or have any questions – ask for Russ). If you are located outside of our delivery zone and sign up to bid, it will your responsibility to pay all shipping and handling charges. Please contact us for any questions regarding the online auctions, our inventory listed on the Super Bargains website, or general inquiries/questions.
Hope to see you bidding with us soon!

What a Licensing Attorney Does: The Basics

A license allows the holder of intellectual property the exclusive right to do what they want with their property, and the right to make money by charging a fee for someone besides the licensor to use the piece of intellectual property. The use of a license can allow outside parties to use intellectual property without further permission from the licensor. It may be used on consumer products like t-shirts or hats, or it may be used in another original work, such as a film. Intellectual property can be song lyrics, an original invention, a work of literature, or anything that can be copyrighted, patented, or trademarked.
What Does a Licensing Attorney Do?
A licensing attorney helps write out a licensing agreement that secures and manages the licensor’s right to their own intellectual property. A lawyer will help file a request for a patent, copyright, or trademark. Since the law is constantly changing in this area, it is important to apply for all rights that apply to the situation. Licensing attorneys may also file lawsuits against violators of intellectual property rights, including pirating and any unauthorized use of a persons’ intellectual property. An attorney can provide valuable help when drafting, filing, or enforcing licensing agreements.
Do I Need a Licensing Lawyer?
Authors, lyricists, software designers, inventors, composers, recipe writers, and anyone that needs to protect their intellectual property should consider working with a licensing attorney. Licensing attorneys will protect their work from those who may want to copy it. Having an attorney is one of the most prudent things an owner of intellectual property can do. Writers will use licensing attorneys to work out agreements between them and their publishers, and to make sure their work isn’t plagiarized by others.
How to Find A Licensing Lawyer
Finding an attorney for any purpose can be a grueling task, but checking with local lawyers can be a great way to get started. Taking referrals from other lawyers can take some of the pressure off of finding a licensing attorney. If there is not a firm in the seeker’s area that practices licensing, local firms should be able to refer other firms in larger areas that will practice the exact law needed. While finding a licensing attorney, important things to keep in mind are the number of successful patents, copyrights, and trademarks the firm has obtained, how many cases have they had that involve intellectual property, and if they are easy to work with. No matter what type of lawyer is needed, it is important to have rapport with them.
Working With a Licensing Attorney
Owners of intellectual property sometimes do not realize that need to employ a licensing attorney in order to act as a policeman for their property. If there has been a breach in a contract involving intellectual property, a licensing attorney is required to mediate a settlement or take a case to court if necessary. If this happens, owners of intellectual property are expected to cooperate with their lawyers to the fullest extent that they can in order to provide the lawyer with adequate information to win the case with.

Top 5 Boo Boos To Revive A Crashed Hard Disk

Desperation is no excuse to commit these grave mistakes when your hard disk crashes on you. Some may seem the logical action to take while others are ‘tried and tested’ methods recommended by someone who had the bad luck to fall in the same unfortunate predicament as yourself. On the contrary, your ‘life-saving’ techniques might actually make it harder for a professional to recover your data.
Here, we debunk the top five things that should never cross your mind when your hard disk crashes.
1) Tap it with a screw driver
While the trusty screwdriver might work for many things, this is just one situation where it just won’t fix your problem. Tapping your hard disk with a screw driver just doesn’t work – no matter how hard you tap.
Perhaps the only screwdriver you could use is the drink. Make yourself one to calm down your nerves and leave the job to the data recovery experts.
2) Drop it
Dropping it or hitting it against a surface is simply deplorable. If common sense is anything to go by, it’ll probably make things worse. Same for shaking it; you don’t want the parts in your hard disk to come loose. Insist on the drop it method, and the only thing that will be dropping is your jaw when computer forensic investigations show that your data is beyond recovery.
3) Freeze it
The freezer is the last place I would think of placing my hard disk; but apparently it does make some sense to do so. The logic is in having the low temperature contract the metal bits to have it work for that precious few minutes to backup the data in the hard disk before condensation takes place – which will probably make whatever salvageable data unsalvageable – forever. So best advice – don’t risk it.
4) Attempt to recreate a ‘clean room’ in your bathroom
I’m still perplexed by whoever came up with this grand idea. Shouldn’t the bathroom be the last place to consider as a clean room? Clean room and bathroom just doesn’t go down very well together.
After all, this isn’t a CSI-esque makeshift lab and most of us are not exactly Gil Grissom forensic investigation material. Yet, some insist on trying their hands (and luck) at fixing it by turning the heater to maximum temperature and letting water flow for a few minutes to fill the bathroom with steam, after which the air is believed to be clean enough for the hard disk to be safely opened.
However, what to do with the delicate parts of a damaged hard disk is another challenge altogether. In a class 100 clean room (an industry standard), special sophisticated equipment is used to handle the parts.
Therefore, chances are your replicate clean room won’t end up very much like the real thing. And you’ll have an added problem of condensation on your already damaged hard disk.
5) Run software recovery tools for physical damage
When it’s a physical damage, using data recovery software might actually aggravate the situation and rob any chances of recovery without opening the disk as such an automatic recovery might cause some circuits to break. Only if you can ascertain that it’s a logical problem, then you might salvage the loss with data recovery software.
So what can you do?
Now that you’ve read this, ignorance is no excuse either. When something like this goes wrong, the last thing you’d want to do is make it worse by tampering or meddling with it. If the data is valuable, leave it to the data recovery professionals who would know what to do.
Data recovery and insurance services in Singapore has only picked up in the last few years. In a recent feature by The Straits Times supplement Digital Life, two USB hard drives and another two external hard drives subjected to abuse in an experiment had its data completely recovered by Adroit Data Recovery Centre Singapore, the first data recovery centre with its own class 100 clean lab in Singapore.
Now that you know, should your hard disk ever crash, remember not to do anything silly that will end up costing you dearly. Consult a data recovery service equipped to handle the recovery.

Love Tarot Readings: The Turning Point of Our Relationships

Romance and Partnership is the most common enquire done while tarot reading. People are more consultants about knowing their love. People are keener to get knowledge about their future love life: who and when that special somebody would be entering their life. Many people come to tarot asking about their relations ship as there relationship has reached standoff. Due to which the relationship are getting lost.

Tarot as one drawback that it doesn’t uncover the areas in a relationship. As the tarot are still trying to work on it. Tarot can help the life partner by identifying the key issues that are going on within each partner. Tarot identifies each individual’s emotional development, expectations, and past experiences that are being projected into the relationship. Tarot could help us exactly by telling us the need to do in order to bring harmony back into a relationship. Tarot is instrument or a tool that enables you to access your unconscious and higher self. In the end, you are always your own best guide.

Whenever you will ask the tarot about the answers on relationship, it will be very easy as there are significant cards that will help you to motivate. These cards often reflect important crossroads that require you to look within yourself to make important decisions. Tarot encourages you to ask about their relation ship if it would prove to best interest for us. You should always remember that what tarot teaches us as they are use to be helpful on our path. They are always a reflection of our level of personal growth and emotional development. Tarot can be helpful in telling you that what can be wrong for you in this path.

Although the Suit of Cups often plays an important role in Love Tarot, they are not the only cards that depict relationship issues. As I mentioned before, there are other significant cards that require you to ask yourself some important questions. Other behaves like the Three of Swords, the Devil or the Lover. These are the cards of the Hermit, Death, and the Two of Swords.

The Hermit Tarot Card Meanings in Love Tarot Readings

Conventionally, the Hermit had been the seeker of truth and wisdom. This is wisdom that is within in all of us. It is the power to see ourselves as we truly are. Another common interpretation of the Hermit is the wise old man or advisor. In this respect, he is the messenger of truth, revealing the importance of forethought and circumspection. Hermit can also be used as transporter of light, he is always there to share his knowledge and light the path for others.

Death Tarot Card Meanings in Love Tarot Readings

Death is not an ending, but rather is a part of a larger cycle. We know that death is a part of something that is often very destructive; it may be a good opportunity for something much greater. Traditionally, Death is the card of transformation. In a Tarot reading, the Death card indicates that another life cycle has ended and a new cycle has begun. It can refer to the completion of important life stages or relationships.

Two of Swords Tarot Card Meanings in Love Tarot Readings

The Two of Swords is often associated with rejection. It depicts that woman holding up two swords while blindfolded. This blindfold is imagination is of the poets. The Two of Swords is associated to indecision or an inability to make an important choice. It is clear that she is avoiding an important truth. She has created a false sense of reality and is choosing to live in a state of oblivion. This reality offers her a moment of peace.

Recommended Resources – To find out more about psychic and psychic reading, visit: Live Psyche – www.livepsyche.com

The Impact of E-commerce on the Traditional Companies

With the development of the times, many new things are springing up, such as e-commerce. E-commerce is something new to the traditional business. As a matter of fact, e-commerce is online commerce, which includes almost all the things in the real world, such as retail shopping, banking, stocks and bonds trading and so on. Along with the advent of the e-commerce, its impact is obvious, especially on the traditional companies.
Nowadays, many traditional companies have achieved great success with the help of e-commerce, such as MH Industry Co., Ltd. Mh-chine.com is its website to carry out e-commerce business. And many traditional companies want to have better development. Here is my opinion on the impact on the traditional companies as follows.
It is well known that e-commerce has been popular on the market. From my point of view, it definitely has its own advantages.
First, it can save labor costs. E-commerce is different from the traditional business in employees. It does not need so many staffs, such as sales executive, sales managers, accountants, web designers and so on. Quite the opposite, what e-commerce requires more is technology. For instance, you can set an auto-responder to the feedbacks of the customers, which can not only save labor but also promote efficiency. E-commerce may help the traditional companies make a high profit.
Second, a tremendous buildup will be given through e-commerce. In the past, when we produced a new product, we spent much time and money on a good advertisement to make the product known to the customers. Sometimes, we needed to invite some stars to endorse the product. Compared to the traditional ways, e-commerce can make the customers all over the world know the product through the website easily. And through the website, the customers can have a general knowledge about the product.
Third, it can increase sales channels. E-commerce creates a new distribution channel for existing products. The customers needn’t to go to the company to buy the product, while they can do it at home. E-commerce allows online trading and online payment, which will attract more and more potential customers. By this way, the traditional companies can expand the local market to the global market. Of course, e-commerce has many other advantages left for us.
Every medal has its reverse. So does e-commerce. It should be kept in mind that e-commerce also has disadvantages. For this reason, there are some problems worth being noticed.
First, as we know, e-commerce needs to rely on the Internet. So, it is necessary to be familiar with the computers. Basic knowledge is needed. There is no substitute for good preparation, if you want to have more people browse the website.
Second, e-commerce is full of high risk. Customers can’t see the real product until they get it through online shopping. All the transaction is carried out through the internet. With the popularity of computers, more and more people choose to start a store online. Without exception, there are some stores to cheat customers. So, in my opinion, honesty pays. High reputation will definitely attract more customers. So, it is reasonable to foster a positive corporate image. Third, the acceptance and familiarity of e-commerce for the traditional companies will take some time. Enough patience is required.
All in all, the impact of e-commerce can’t be neglected.

The Power Cycle: A Simple Answer to Network Issues

There are plenty of easy tricks that make computer use much simpler. Sadly, some of these are not understood by casual computer users. For example: losing connection to a wireless router is a basic problem with a simple fix many users do not know about that frequently resolves the underlying problem.

When you lose connectivity to your wireless router, power cycling the modem and router will likely resolve the problem. Many users do not know how to perform this very simple task. Unfortunately, pretty much every router and modem on the market will require an occasional power cycle. They run constantly and will periodically encounter conflicts that can be resolved with a fresh restart.

If you try to resolve the problem by calling for support, you’ll probably experience the following: After wasting an hour on hold with the Internet service provider, you will be lead through a series of unnecessary tasks to rule out uncommon problems. Since so many of these issues are resolved by power cycling, it makes good sense to learn this technique.

To power cycle your modem and router, just unplug both devices. If your modem uses a battery, reset it after you’ve unplugged the wireless router. While each device is somewhat different, you should wait an average of two minutes before turning back on both devices. If either unit feels extraordinarily hot, you may want to wait until they reach a cooler temperature before powering up.

Once this time has passed, plug in your modem. Allow your modem to completely boot and connect back up to the Internet. Once it is fully operational, plug in your wireless router. When your router is also online, attempt to connect your computers to the network.

It can sometimes be useful to reboot your computers before connecting them to the router. This will allow them to connect to the network using a fresh IP address. IP address conflicts are a common cause for network connectivity problems.

It’s unfortunate that modems and routers aren’t made with a technical mechanism that can solve this problem for novice users. Since it is such a common and necessary practice, it really should be taught to every user as part of proper network maintenance. If Internet service providers offered instructions on power cycling to each new account, they would likely save a bundle on labor costs. Untold hours of technical support service are wasted on a procedure that will be necessary for nearly every user. In fact, this is something that most people will have to do quite often and may make multiple calls for.

Because this issue affects both the modem and router, it is hard to create the type of process that would be necessary for a purely technical solution. However, it’s entirely possible to enable the novice user to solve this problem with consistency. Education is the only realistic solution. While it certianly isn’t the biggest challenge facing humanity, everyone stands to gain from solving this communication issue. Routers and modems need frequent power cycling, and users and tech support alike will be happier and more productive if consumers learn how to do it on their own.